This page documents an OPTIMADE Unit Definition. See https://schemas.optimade.org/ for more information.

**ID: https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/general/joule**

`joule`

**Unit name:** joule

**Latin symbol:** J

**Display symbol:** J

**Description:** A derived SI unit for energy, work, and heat equal to kg·m²·s⁻² using the current, or one of the historical, definitions of the SI units.

"The joule is the work produced by a newton whose point of application moves one meter in the direction of the force." [9th CGPM meeting in 1946]

The joule was defined at the 9th CGPM Meeting in 1946, included in SI at the 11th CGPM meeting in 1960, resolution 12, implicitly redefined via the redefinitions of the second at the 13th CGPM Meeting in 1967, resolution 1, the metre at the 17th CGPM meeting (1983), resolution 1, and the kilogram at the 26th CGPM Meeting (2018), resolution 1.

This is a generalized definition taken to reference the current, or one of the historical, SI unit definitions. This definition is intended for situations when it is not possible to be more precise, e.g., in contexts where data have been collected that uses different historical SI definitions.

**Resources:**

- Definition at the 9th CGPM meeting (1948)
- Definition and establishment of the SI unit system at the 11th CGPM meeting (1960), resolution 12.
- Redefinition of the metre at the 17th CGPM meeting (1983), resolution 1
- Redefinition of the second in the 13th CGPM Meeting (1967), resolution 1
- Redefinition of the kilogram at the 26th CGPM Meeting (2018), resolution 1
- Wikipedia article describing the unit

**Compatibility:** (other definitions that are covered by the above definition)

`https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/1960/named/joule`

`https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/1967/named/joule`

`https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/1983/named/joule`

`https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/2019/named/joule`

**JSON definition:**

```
{
"$id": "https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/general/joule",
"$schema": "https://schemas.optimade.org/meta/v1.2/optimade/physical_unit_definition.json",
"title": "joule",
"symbol": "J",
"display-symbol": "J",
"description": "A derived SI unit for energy, work, and heat equal to kg\u00b7m\u00b2\u00b7s\u207b\u00b2 using the current, or one of the historical, definitions of the SI units.\n\n\"The joule is the work produced by a newton whose point of application moves one meter in the direction of the force.\" [9th CGPM meeting in 1946]\n\nThe joule was defined at the 9th CGPM Meeting in 1946, included in SI at the 11th CGPM meeting in 1960, resolution 12, implicitly redefined via the redefinitions of the second at the 13th CGPM Meeting in 1967, resolution 1, the metre at the 17th CGPM meeting (1983), resolution 1, and the kilogram at the 26th CGPM Meeting (2018), resolution 1.\n\nThis is a generalized definition taken to reference the current, or one of the historical, SI unit definitions.\nThis definition is intended for situations when it is not possible to be more precise, e.g., in contexts where data have been collected that uses different historical SI definitions.",
"compatibility": [
"https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/1960/named/joule",
"https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/1967/named/joule",
"https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/1983/named/joule",
"https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/2019/named/joule"
],
"resources": [
{
"relation": "Definition at the 9th CGPM meeting (1948)",
"resource-id": "https://www.bipm.org/en/committees/cg/cgpm/9-1948"
},
{
"relation": "Definition and establishment of the SI unit system at the 11th CGPM meeting (1960), resolution 12.",
"resource-id": "https://www.bipm.org/en/committees/cg/cgpm/11-1960/resolution-12"
},
{
"relation": "Redefinition of the metre at the 17th CGPM meeting (1983), resolution 1",
"resource-id": "https://www.bipm.org/en/committees/cg/cgpm/17-1983/resolution-1"
},
{
"relation": "Redefinition of the second in the 13th CGPM Meeting (1967), resolution 1",
"resource-id": "https://www.bipm.org/en/committees/cg/cgpm/13-1967/resolution-1"
},
{
"relation": "Redefinition of the kilogram at the 26th CGPM Meeting (2018), resolution 1",
"resource-id": "https://www.bipm.org/en/committees/cg/cgpm/26-2018/resolution-1"
},
{
"relation": "Wikipedia article describing the unit",
"resource-id": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joule"
}
],
"defining-relation": {
"base-units": [
{
"symbol": "kg",
"id": "https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/general/kilogram"
},
{
"symbol": "m",
"id": "https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/general/metre"
},
{
"symbol": "s",
"id": "https://schemas.optimade.org/defs/v1.2/units/si/general/second"
}
],
"base-units-expression": "kg*m^2*s^-2"
},
"x-optimade-definition": {
"label": "joule_si_general",
"kind": "unit",
"format": "1.2",
"version": "1.2.0",
"name": "joule"
}
}
```